Chapter 2 – Autism Studies:
Temple Grandin Speaks on Autism
Autism is a strange oddity for many in the medical field. To date, professionals have been unable to determine one singular autism cause, despite the fact there’s several contributing factors which are common denominators throughout the research. The most apparent is the fact that abnormalities exist in the brains of autistic sufferers. In comparison with non-autistic, it has been found that brains of autistic people tend to be shaped differently . In addition, they function quite differently. Of course, there’s many individual theories regarding the factors which contribute to autism in which heredity,genetics and environmental influences are suspected and dissected. Insofar as the genetic theory is concerned, this has been supported to the degree that in some families there’s a pattern of disability or mental illness — and it is a frequent pattern that emerges. (Autism is thought to be a part of the pattern)
What causes the mutations or the passing of the autistic gene is uncertain. Some researchers concur that a group of unstable genes interfere with the development of the brain during the early years of life, and these genes rearrange themselves to hinder the proper realignment of brain tissue. If this is truly a factor for the contribution to autism, then it cannot be stopped with today’s medical knowledge. If the genes are isolated, genetic screening before pregnancy can determine if the parents have a predisposition to give birth to an autistic child.
Environmental factors have been another theory that researchers have come up with. However, the research for this idea is very unclear, and according to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry there has been no link between autism and an outside source such as chemicals or other toxins in the environment. Remember that this may be a link, and the research is just not showing us the connection yet. With all the pollution that is in our air and water, and all the contaminants we consume in our food, there is a likelihood that environmental factors are indeed a piece of the puzzle.
Physical medical condition has shown a possibility of being a contributing factor. Conditions such as tuberous sclerosis and congenital rubella syndrome has yielded results that there is a high percentage of autistic manifestations after diagnosis. Also, phenylketonuria also known as PKU and fragile X syndrome has been known to contribute a high number of cases that also link themselves to autism. The jury is still out to whether these conditions have percentages high enough to officially correlate evidence which leads to autism, but at this point the suspicion is there.
The contributing factors are sketchy at best, but there are factors that you can rule out. For some reason, autistic kids have a predisposition to the autistic condition. You can’t blame the parents for the parents have no control over their DNA. If a family does have a high occurrence of disabilities, they should still have right and the ability to procreate and to have happiness as a family. Environmental conditions are also not completely to blame, unless a parent intentionally puts toxins into their bodies before or during pregnancy. Some say that drugs and alcohol consumption by the parent is a contributing factor. Thus far there is no link to drugs, alcohol, or alcohol fetal syndrome and autism. For now we have to accept autism for what it is. The child, parents, or genetics are not to be blamed until there is more research done and more evidence which points to one contributing factor. For now, until that research is done, we must do everything we can to let the silent voices be heard and help those already afflicted with this terrible disorder.
Reference Books (Amazon): Misdiagnosis and Dual Diagnoses of Gifted Children & Adults *NOTE: To See Reviews at Amazon go HERE
(ADHD, Aspergers, Bipolar, OCD, Depression e.g.)
To See a Review of this Amazon Book, visit here